India Joins the Elite space club after successfully intercepting its own Microsat-R earth observing satellite. On 27th March 2019, India did successful ASAT missile test names Mission Shakti (power). This ensured its place in space superpower country club.
At 05:40 coordinated universal time UTC which is 11:10hrs IST, Mr. Narendra Modi addressed in a live video that Mission Shakti was successful.
Anti Satellite ASAT Missile
Anti Satellite Missile or ASAT missiles intercepts an orbiting satellite in space itself. This includes a couple of radars, a missile and of course a target. This is an Era of Space Defence and Only four countries have successfully shown their capability of ASAT missile.
This technology was First tested by the United States in 1959 but was however not successful. Later in 1979, they tested a successful interceptor but was shut down due to some reasons in 1988.
The Soviet Union started to work on the concept of Anti Satellite Missiles in 1956 but got success around 1979. Then China too entered into the club.
On 11 January 2007, China successfully destroyed a defunctioned Chinese weather satellite. That satellite was orbiting around in a distance of 865kms from earth surface.
Indian space agency ISRO In 2012 along with DRDO thought that having an ASAT missile will boost its position in the international regime. On 27 March 2019, Indian PM Mr. Narendra Modi addressed the successful launch of the country’s first ASAT missile. The interceptor strikes a low orbiting Satellite about 300kms far from Earths surface.
Microsat-R satellite which was launched on 24th January 2019 was chosen to be the target for ASAT missile. Microsat-R was a low orbiting satellite which was used for earth monitoring. It was manufactured by DRDO and was launched by Indian Space Agency ISRO from Sriharikota.
#MissionShakti is special for 2 reasons:— Chowkidar Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) March 27, 2019
(1) India is only the 4th country to acquire such a specialised & modern capability.
(2) Entire effort is indigenous.
India stands tall as a space power!
It will make India stronger, even more secure and will further peace and harmony.
How did it actually happened?
Space defense is something which is crucial and advanced technology. India did now have the technology to defend and intercept space power. The Mission shakti includes a three-stage BMD interceptor missile. It works parallel with a couple of Radar which identifies the speed and orbit of the satellite.
The radar tracks the satellite movement and sends feedback to the BMD missile launcher. After the missile is launched from the launcher, the booster provides it high speed. Then the ground radars guide the missile payload. Then comes the part of heat seekers. They get separated and then the missile locks on the incoming target which is primiliary a Satellite.
Pakistan & China on India’s ASAT missile test
Pakistan called on the international community to condemn the act and strengthen international laws against the militarization of space. They said on Wednesday that outer space should be kept out of militarisation.
Meanwhile, China said that they hope that every country will keep peace in the outer space. on the other hand Pakistan said that countries should use this technology for socio-economic development.
Prime minister Narendra Modi told that they have tested this missile not to disturb the peace. Modi in his tweet said Mission Shakti was a highly complex mission conducted at extremely high speed with remarkable precision.
#MissionShakti was a highly complex one, conducted at extremely high speed with remarkable precision. It shows the remarkable dexterity of India’s outstanding scientists and the success of our space programme.— Chowkidar Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) March 27, 2019
“From the point of view of India’s security and economic development, today’s ASAT missile will give the country new strength,” Modi said.